However, the society’s perspective toward dog training has changed since another dog trainer, Hunter Kang(강형욱, Hyung-uk Kang), became renowned. He is a trainer who trains dog based on positive education, training without punishments (혼내지 않아도, 혼나지 않아도 되는 반려견 교육 - 보듬컴퍼니 문구). Hunter Kang is sometimes called 'human trainer' because he teaches the owners, or guardians, to induce certain actions that they want from their dog. He became famous from a TV program named ‘There are no bad dogs (세상에 나쁜 개는 없다)’, leading the changes of dog culture in South Korea. For example, he emphasized the importance of walking dogs every single day, regardless of weather and season throughout the show, which was not a common notion. He runs a company named ‘Bodeum’ which means embracing in Korean. It is a dog’s education center in Namyangju, helping guardians and dogs solving problems, such as separation anxiety in dogs.
|[Trainers, dogs and owner in Bodeum]|
Then, what would be some advantages and disadvantages of pressure training and positive training? The trainer said pressure training can work in some cases that positive training cannot work. For example, he said there was a person wanted to stop his puppy biting his finger, wanting to play. The trainer in Bodeum said it is because the puppy is young and going through bruxism. However, he did not accept the trainer’s word and asked other pressure trainer. The pressure trainer said to hit or strangle every time the puppy tries to bite. He did, and the puppy stayed away from the person, not biting his fingers. However, as the puppy grew, it became aggressive whenever the person came nearby. The relationship between the two ended. However, the pressure training worked in this case, stopping the dog from biting the owner’s finger- It is impossible to stop the dog biting immediately using positive training.
One of the disadvantages of pressure training is that normal thinking is impossible when a dog gets lot of stress and pressure, which means the dog cannot learn anything. This is why pressure training causes many side effects. However, positive training has no side effects, and dogs learn fast. For example, there was a person who taught a dog hand signals by grabbing the dog’s hand. It took 40 minutes. Another person tried the same and found his dog running away and growling when he said hand. A way that positive trainers use teaching hand is by holding a snack in a hand, and moving it around. Then, when a dog tries to catch the hand and stop it, they reward the dog. This is how they teach hand signals. Also, using positive training, both a dog, dog owner, and a trainer do not need any kind of emotional exhaustion; the attachment between the dog and owner strengthens. Disadvantage of positive training might be that it is hard to put these in action. Positive training has to be a habit. The owner has to work for the dog every single day, requiring a lot of attention.
|[One of the dogs educated in Bodeum]|
김도연 Lisa Doyeon Kim
Seoul Scholar International
김도연 Lisa Doyeon Kim firstname.lastname@example.org
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